Flooding led to school closures and disruption on roads and railways after heavy rain in parts of Scotland, and an amber weather warning was in place in eastern areas.
The amber alert for rain covered Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Angus and Perth and Kinross until 3pm on Friday, and warned that some fast-flowing or deep flood water was likely, causing danger to life. A yellow warning was in place for a large part of eastern Scotland until 6pm on Friday.
Authorities said the rain would make driving difficult, with the potential for reduced visibility and surface water, and conditions were likely to affect travel on the trunk road and rail network.
In Angus, all schools in Brechin, Montrose and Kirriemuir were closed due to localised flooding, as well as more than a dozen others.
On Friday morning, a lane of the M9 westbound was closed at junction 2, the A92 was closed between the Parbroath crossroads and Melville Lodges in Fife, and Halbeath Road in Dunfermline was shut with diversions in place, all owing to flooding.
Regional flood warnings were in place from the eastern Borders to Aberdeenshire, and the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (Sepa) said Aberdeenshire and Angus could be particularly affected.
There were 20 flood warnings and nine flood alerts in place on Friday morning. People living in regions with flood warnings were urged to plan ahead any journeys and to keep themselves safe.
The Scottish transport minister, Jenny Gilruth, said: “The Met Office is warning us to expect a period of difficult weather in parts of eastern Scotland throughout Friday, with heavy rain likely to impact travel in the amber warning area in the north-east.
“The conditions could potentially bring disruption to the transport network, so it’s important people plan their journeys before they set off, particularly if they’re looking to use the trunk roads or travel by rail.”
Forecasters said some areas of higher ground in the amber warning area could see a month’s worth of rain in a couple of days, with more than 100mm of rain, and even 150mm, possible in parts of the Grampians and Cairngorms. Average rainfall for November in Aberdeenshire is 113mm, while in Angus it is 122.8mm.
ScotRail imposed some speed restrictions on lines in the east of Scotland until midday. Network Rail Scotland said journeys would take longer on the east coast mainline between Edinburgh and the Borders, as well as between Aberdeen, Inverness and the central belt, because of the “extremely high rainfall”.
Ch Supt Louise Blakelock, the head of road policing, said: “As an amber warning for heavy rain has been issued, we are urging motorists to plan ahead and avoid unnecessary travel. The Met Office, Sepa and Traffic Scotland websites have valuable information about weather disruptions and we would advise people to check these sites before setting off on your journey.
“If you do need to drive, make sure you and your vehicle are suitably prepared by having sufficient fuel, waterproofs, warm clothing, food and water in the event you are delayed and be mindful of increased stopping distances when braking.”